India, a subcontinent is officially known as The Republic of India is among the top ten biggest nations with a population over 1.3 billion, leaving the neighboring country China at second place. Hinduism is followed by the majority and the minorities includes Muslims, Christians, Sikh, and others. It is the biggest democratic country.
The literacy rate of the country has increased each decade which is contributing towards socio- economic status. The collective literacy rate of the country is above 74%. The literacy rate among all 29 states of the country is not equal. For instance, Kerala is the most literate state by achieving 93.91 literacy rate and the state of Bihar takes the place of the least literate state with a literacy rate of 64%.
Education in India
The education system is divided into two sectors, public and private. According to the constitution of India, children between six years and 14 years can get free education in public schools. The public sector is funded and managed by the central and state government. After the primary and secondary school, the students can apply for higher education on merit and caste basis. On the other hand, private schools have an advantage over public schools due to good infrastructure and quality education. The majority of the population attends the public schools and universities and over 30% can afford private education. However, public universities are the first choice for any student who completes secondary education. The admission process is very competitive, and many students spend an additional year to prepare for the competitive exams. The constitution of India has given privileges to economically backward class people to gain education on the basis of caste. The country is encouraging female students to avail higher education and has organized many campaigns to balance the male and female literacy ration.
For any university admission, there is a reservation designed to intake low caste students. The fee structure of universities is simple and cheaper compared to other developed countries. Indian education is highly recognized internationally, and it is common to find an Indian doctor or an engineer working in top 10 companies and hospitals across the globe. Since India has successfully established its name in terms of quality education, students from many parts of the World apply to get admission in the universities. Many of the professional courses like Medicine and Engineering are at a very cheaper fee comparing to other countries. Apart from high-class education and low fees, International students are also attracted by the low cost of living compared to their home countries.
How to choose a University in India
Choosing a University in India could be challenging because of the fact that there is a total of seven hundred and eighty-nine universities which includes public and private universities. The best option for a university student is to get admission to any public school. Depending on the course, the students can pick a bunch of universities and check the admission criteria. If the student profile matches the admission criteria, then it is recommended to apply for multiple universities at a time. For professional courses like medicine and engineering, the admissions are done through a counseling process which will happen across the country and in individual states. The Universities which are ranked among the top 500 universities in the World are quite difficult to get an admission. If the student matches the university requirements, then it is not a difficulty.
We’ve listed the top 10 universities in India depending on their ranking, recognition, and history.
Indian Institute of Science (IISc)
IISc, a public deemed university which is located in the state of Karnataka and in the city of Bangalore. The university was founded in 1909 with an aim to contribute towards research and development for science and engineering. India’s Industrialist Jamsetji TATA along with His Highness Mir Osman Ali Khan contributed towards the establishment of this university. The campus is built over 400 acres of land which includes classrooms, laboratories, canteens, gym and playground for football and cricket. IISc is ranked as number 1 university in India according to NIRF which is responsible to rank national universities. It stands at 21st place in Asia, 14th Place in BRICS, 250 in World ranking. Initially, the institute accepted Ph.D. applications only but with time it added bachelors and masters programs. The academics include biological sciences, chemical sciences, electrical sciences, mechanical sciences, physical/mathematical sciences, and Interdisciplinary research. The campus has neat and clean accommodation for students. The admissions for bachelors and masters programs are done through state and national counseling and the Ph.D. admissions are done on the basis of GATE exam. The campus is open 5 days a week from Monday till Friday and timings are 9 AM till 5:30 PM.
More information can be found on https://www.iisc.ac.in/
Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IITB)
IITB was established a few years after the independence of India in the year 1958. The aim of the foundation was to develop and excel in the field of technology by adding institutes across India. Within three years it was recognized by the government of India as the Institutes of National Importance. Since its inception, the campus has widely expanded resulting to 584 buildings and covering 550 acres of land. It offers professional degrees such as Bachelor of Technology, Master of Science, and doctoral degrees. IITB has 15 departments, a school of excellence, and 20 centers. It is ranked 1 according to QS ranking for graduate and post-graduate studies. This institute is the top picks of all top-notch companies in India and abroad. The admissions are conducted through an entrance exam and students with merit are elected. The huge campus has everything to offer, 15 hostels, big libraries, huge playgrounds, and much more. The campus is open 5 days a week from Monday till Friday and timings are 9 AM till 5:30 PM.
More information can be found on http://www.iitb.ac.in
Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IITM)
IITM is located in Tamil Nadu state and in the city of Chennai. Established in 1959, this technical institute has gained rank among top 10 universities in India within less time since its inception. This residential campus is spread over a wide land of 617 acres which includes administration blocks, laboratories, playgrounds and hotels for male and female students. The institute offers bachelors, masters and Ph.D. programs. The academic programs and admission process are same as IITB. The campus is open 5 days a week from Monday till Friday and timings are 9 AM till 5:30 PM.
More information can be found on http://www.iitm.ac.in/
Indian Institute of Technology Delhi (IITD)
IITD is located in South Delhi at Hauz Khas. It was established in 1961 and was inaugurated by the Minister of Scientific Research & Cultural Affairs. The campus is built over 325 acres of land and is surrounded by other reputed institutes such as JNU. Similar to IITB and IITM, IITD is also recognized as Institutes of National Importance in 1963. It has strict independent private entrance exam and all admissions are done on merit basis. The final year students from this deemed university receive offer letters from most of the top Multi-national companies across the globe. The campus is residential and has 13 hotels separate for men and women, huge playgrounds, swimming pool, and all academic infrastructures. It is ranked 172 in QS world ranking universities and ranked 41st in Asia and 17th in BRICS. The operating days are Monday through Friday from 9 AM till 5:30 PM.
All detailed information about courses, fee structure, and hostels can be found on http://www.iitd.ac.in/
Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur (IITGP)
IITGP was the first in its kind to be established after Indian independence. The foundation was laid in the year 1951 and it was the first institute which was recognized by the Institutes of National Importance by the Indian government. The aim of the foundation was to encourage and train the scientist and engineers of India to contribute towards the Country’s development and global recognition. This campus can accommodate around 22000 students and is built over 2100 acres of land. IITGP shares the same admission criteria as other IIT institutes and offers Bachelor, Masters, and Ph.D. courses. It is ranked 1 in India by NIRF ranking 2019. Apart from technology courses, IITGP also offers extensive management courses. The operating hours are 9 AM till 5:30 PM, Monday till Friday.
Browse through http://www.iitkgp.ac.in/ to dig out more information about academic programs, fees, and any other information.
Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IITK)
IITK was founded in 1959 in association with US research institutes which was part of the Kanpur Indo-American Program. Initially, the campus was located in the premises of Harcourt Butler Technological Institute and was moved to grand trunk road in 1963. Computer science course was first offered by IITK in India. Until 1970 the institute was working closely with 9 American research institutes but stated independent operations from 1971. The campus is spread over 1000 acres of land and can accommodate over 7000 students. The Undergraduate admissions are on merit basis of entrance exam JEE and Postgraduate are through GATE and CAT. The campus is ranked at 283 according to QS World ranking 2019. It stood on rank 61st in Asia and 25th in BRICS. The global ranking is 501 – 600. It has six intensive academic departments which offer a wide range of courses.
The working hours are the same as other IIT campuses and students can browse on http://www.iitk.ac.in/ for more details.
University of Hyderabad (UoH)
UoH is a public university aimed at research and development is located in the state of Telangana, Hyderabad. Incepted in 1974, this residential campus can accommodate over 5000 students. It has been honored as the Best Central University in 2015 by the Indian President. It offers post-graduate programs and Ph.D. programs. UH stands on 601-650 ranking according to the QS World Universities Rankings and took 11th rank in India. The academics include Mathematics and Statistics, Physics, Chemistry, Life Sciences, Humanities, Social Sciences, and Arts & Communication. The high-tech and green campus is built on 2300 acres of land. There is a total of 21 hostels for men and women, four canteens, and four auditoriums. UoH organizes a private entrance exam for admissions and follows the reservation system as per India guidelines.
Information about exam dates, fees, and courses can be browsed on https://www.uohyd.ac.in/
University of Delhi
Locally known as Delhi University (DU) is a public central university situated in New Delhi. It was established in 1922 with the approval of the Central Legislative Assembly. It started with 3 colleges and two faculties with approximately 750 students. With the time DU has grown exponentially and added 83 departments and 14 faculties. Currently, a total of 77 colleges and 5 institutes are affiliated with DU and the University Chancellor is the Vice-President of India. DU has 2 main campuses, South campus, and the north campus. The south campus is built over an area of 69 acres comprising various faculties, playgrounds, libraries, and much more. The north campus is 3 times bigger than the south campus and it is the first to be added in DU portfolio. DU has managed to be in the top 10 universities of India for decades. According to NRIF ranking, DU is awarded 8th rank. Admissions are subjected to the merit list released after the private entrance exam is conducted.
For students who are interested to know more about courses, fee structure, and deadlines can visit http://www.du.ac.in/du/
Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee (IITR)
IITR is situated in Uttarakhand state and was founded in 1847, making it the oldest universities in Asia. It was founded under the British rule in India and after the independence, it was converted into IIT in 1949 and later in 2001 it was added to the IIT group and took the seventh place. IITR added 21 departments which cover all major courses of science and technology. The university won many awards for contributing to the country’s technological growth. IITR is ranked 381 according to the QS World University Rankings and took 86th rank in Asia and 47th rank in BRICS. The Roorkee campus is spread over 365 acres of land plus a 25-acre campus is built in Saharanpur. In 2011, the 10-acre campus was also built in Greater Noida. All the campuses are high-tech with all facilities.
More information can be found on https://www.iitr.ac.in/
Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati (IITG)
IITG was founded in 1994 by the government of India and it is located in the state of Assam. The campus is the most beautiful campus in India and is built over 700 acres of land. It offers all professional courses for science and technology. According to the QS World University Rankings, IITG ranked 501-550, ranked 98th in Asia, and ranked 52 in BRICS. The students passing out from this university has a bright future and can even aim for a startup. Funding for IIT graduates is very welcoming. The campus organizes many social events regularly and keeping the students happy and motivated round the clock.
Detailed information about the university can be found on http://www.iitg.ac.in/